Hearings and Appeals

Generally, permanent residents or refugee claimants have the right to appeal/hearing a decision in certain situations, such as: The refusal of sponsorship applications, issuance of removal orders against them, or if they have been found not to have met their residency obligations.

All decisions made by the Immigration and Refugee Board (IRB) are based on the evidence provided and the law that applies to the case. You have the right to be represented by legal counsel at the hearing at your own expense. You also have the right to have an interpreter and may call witnesses to support your case. There is time limit in the filing of the appeal. If you are not happy with the decision of the IRB, you may seek permission and apply to the Federal Court for judicial review.

Gavel on legal document.

We represent before 4 divisions of the IRB:

Immigration Appeal Division of IRB in the matters of:

  • Refusal of Family Sponsorships (Spousal, Common-Law, Dependent children, Parents, and Grandparents)
  • Removal Orders issued by Immigration Division (for Permanent Residents and Protected Persons)
  • Loss of Permanent Status of PR due to Residency Obligations

Immigration Division of IRB in the matters of:

  • Detention Reviews
  • Admissibility Hearings

Refugee Protection Division or IRB in the matters of:

  • Representing a refugee claimant inside Canada before Refugee Protection Board

Refugee Appeal Division of the IRB in the matters of:

  • Representing in the appeal of the failed refugee claim before Refugee Appeal Division.

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